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Monday December 10, 2018


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Information
The Sun

Several International Conventions on the Protection of the ozone layer have produced agreements (Montreal Protocol) by 93 nations to phase out CFC's. Even so, their presence in the atmosphere is expected to double in the next few decades because the agreements allow these countries to continue to process CFC's for a time in order to lessen the impact to the world economy. Also, CFC's released in the '90's will continue to linger for years. Nevertheless, it is hoped that the ozone layer will recover completely by the year 2060. More recently, another area of reduced ozone was discovered over the Northern Hemisphere, presenting a more dangerous threat to human life as this area is more heavily populated than Antarctica.

The outer layers of the Sun exhibit differential rotation: at the equator the surface rotates once every 25.4 days, near the poles it is as much as 36 days. This odd behavior is due to the fact that the Sun is not a solid body like the Earth. Similar effects are seen in the gas planets. This differential rotation extends considerably down into the interior of the Sun but the core of the Sun rotates as a solid body.
Because the Sun is so massive in relation to the planets, it exerts a powerful gravitational pull affecting everything in the solar system. Of course, this gravitational pull causes the planets, including Earth, to orbit the Sun.
Numerous events occur on the Sun, including:

Sunspots -- magnetic storms that happen on the surface, appearing as dark areas. Sunspots appear and disappear regularly in eleven-year cycles. Solar flares -- spectacular discharges of magnetic energy from the corona, sending streams of protons and electrons into space (sometimes interrupting the communications network here on Earth).

Solar wind -- the result of gas expansion on the corona, leading to the formation of ions that are projected outward at the speed of over 500 kilometers per second.
Solar prominences -- columns formed by storms of gas erupting from the surface that either shoot into space or loop back into the Sun's surface.

Definition of Terms
  • SPF
  • UPF
  • EPF
    UV Rays
  • UVC
  • UVA
  • UVB
  • Skin Cancer Facts
  • Basal cell
  • Squamous cell
  • Malignant melanoma
  • How to treat sunburn
    The UV Index
  • Where you can find more info
  • UVR and your Skin
  • what does your skin do?
  • epidermis
  • dermis
  • How each UVR penetrates (A,B,C) skin and what it does
  • Damage and Effects
  • How Skin becomes cancerous
  • Other Medical Considerations
    The OZONE
  • Ground Level Ozone
  • Stratospheric Ozone
  • Time of day
  • Time of year
  • Latitude
  • What affects the Ozone layer's effectiveness?
  • Altitude
  • Weather conditions
  • The Ozone Hole
  • The Sun
  • The Sun
  • Sunspots
  • Solar flares
  • Solar wind
  • Solar prominences
  • Sun Fun Facts
  • Did you know?
  • Astrology
  • Scientists can now see the far side of the Sun.
  • Is it possible the Sun has a heartbeat?
  • Cool links - just for Kids!
  • Passport to knowledge
  • Sun Kids
  • Spacelink
  • Star Child - A Learning Center for Young Astronomers
  • Backwoods Home Magazine
  • Kids books about the sun (fact and fiction)
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